Education System in Canada?
Most institutions in Canada select students according to their own criteria, although the selection is usually less competitive and organized in a different manner than in the USA. The most important components in selection and admission are the subject list and the grades accompanying in diploma.
An important feature of the higher education system is that it is based on the principle that anybody who wishes to do so should be able to complete a higher education programme in any specialization they wish. All programmes that require a high school diploma fall under the category of higher education.
Structure of Education Canada – English:
Grading system in Canada :
In Canada grades are express in percentages. Each percentage band corresponds to a letter (i.e A+, A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, C-, D and F). For example, A+ grade is 90-100%, B grade is 73-76%. For a course to be validated, student must obtain a minimum average of C grade i.e 60-69%. The average of all the courses of a semester is called the Term Grade Point Average(TGPA), this TGPA will help to determine Grade Point Average (GPA).
Types of Universities:
There are more than 90+ universities that provide university education & are members of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC). Canada has 3 types of universities :
- Primarily undergraduate: universities whose focus is more on undergraduate education, and less on graduate programs.
- Comprehensive: universities that provide undergraduate and graduate programs.
- Medical doctoral: universities that offer undergraduate and graduate programs, specialize in conducting a lot of research and have a medical faculty.
Types of Degrees:
A Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science is an undergraduate degree that takes three to four years to complete for full-time students. As soon as student graduates obtained the requisite number of credits according to a certain distribution of content and level. There is no final examination. The name of the degree often indicates whether the student took arts or a science program. For example, Bachelor of Arts is BA and Bachelor of Science is BS.
A master’s of Arts / Master’s of Science is known as a graduate degree, which takes two years to complete. But may also take one or three years depending on the specialization. For Master’s degree, it requires at least a Bachelor’s degree as well as additional criteria. which vary according to the selectiveness of the institution or programme. These additional requirements can relate to the GPA, prerequisite subjects, entrance examinations, knowledge of a foreign language etc.
Doctorate / PhD:
The Doctorate or PhD degree is a specialized post-graduate degree that can take anywhere from three to five years to be complete. The entry requirements for a PhD include a Master’s degree as well as additional criteria same as Master’s degree.