What is Medicine?
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. Medicine has existed for thousands of years, during most of which it was an art frequently having connections to the religious and philosophical beliefs of local culture. For example, a medicine man would apply herbs and say prayers for healing, or an ancient philosopher and physician would apply bloodletting according to the theories of humorism. In recent centuries, since the advent of modern science, most medicine has become a combination of art and science (both basic and applied, under the umbrella of medical science). While stitching technique for sutures is an art learned through practice, the knowledge of what happens at the cellular and molecular level in the tissues being stitched arises through science.
A Health medicine graduate degree has the potential to prepare students for possible careers in drug development and testing, hospitals and research universities, public health and government agencies, health insurance, as well as numerous medical specialties. Health Medicine Graduate Programs are available at the masters, doctorate and graduate certificate levels. Typically, to be eligible for a master’s program an applicant must have graduated from a bachelor’s degree program and have taken the GMAT or GRE exams.
Programs in Medicine:
Students in Biomedical Sciences programs explore issues in biology as they relate to issues of human health, medicine and disease. Subjects of study include anatomy, chemistry, and genetics. Some of the different program fields include: biomedical engineering technology, biomedical science, biomedical engineering and biomedical informatics. Biomedical scientists focus on how cells, organs and systems function in the human body; an exciting and dynamic area that is highly relevant to the understanding and treatment of human diseases.
Communication Sciences and Disorders Studies delve into the science behind communication problems and their evolution, as well as how to diagnose and treat individuals through diverse strategies, techniques, and technologies. Communication Sciences and Disorders Programs tend to include in their curriculum topics like languages, language skills, Sign Language, and the biology of communication. Some of the career choices for someone with a Degree in Communication Sciences and Disorders include: Speech-Language Pathologists, Audiologists, Speech Language and Hearing Scientists.
Clinical Laboratory Science, also called Medical Technology, is the health profession that provides laboratory information and services needed for the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Clinical Laboratory Scientists perform a variety of laboratory tests, ensure the quality of the test results, explain the significance of laboratory tests, evaluate new methods and study the effectiveness of laboratory tests.
If you have an interest in a clinical laboratory science degree, you can expect to take courses in cell biology and physiology, molecular genetics and genomics, toxicology and pharmacology, and much more.
Health informatics is the study of resources and methods for the management of health information. This area of study supports health information technology, medical practice, medical research and medical informatics. To that end, health informatics involves systems such as electronic health records (EHR) and electronic medical records (EMR), health information exchange standards such as Health Level 7 (HL7), medical terminologies such as Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine, clinical terms such as SNOMED-CT (SNOMED CT), and portable medical devices for the collection of health data.
Gerontologists are medical scientists who study how people change as they age. In simple terms, you can think of gerontology as the study of old people and the biological factors involved in aging. Gerontologists may conduct studies and clinical trials, analyze medical samples and data, develop medical programs for aging populations, and much more. Perhaps most importantly, gerontologists, and gerontology programs, explore ways to make life better for people as they age.
Health administration or healthcare administration is the field relating to the leadership, management, and administration of public health systems, hospitals, health care systems, medical practices and residential facilities. Essentially it is the intersection of business and healthcare.
Human services degrees are an interdisciplinary field that helps people work towards self-sufficiency and a better quality of life. Human services workers might help people with their basic needs, such as feeding the hungry or running a homeless shelter. Or they might help with long-term issues like depression or substance abuse. Many human services graduates work in public health.
Health science graduate programs often explore the applied sciences that make use of science, technology, engineering or mathematics across the disciplines of health, wellness and medicine. In addition, as a broad field of graduate study, health science is concerned with the various ways that the areas could inform and improve (population) health, quality of patient-centered health care, and wellness.
A medical assistant is an allied health care professional who may have both clinical and administrative duties. A medical assistant might prepare patients for an exam, draw blood or collect lab specimens, depending upon the needs of the facility. Medical assistants are a crucial part of any medical facility—doctors’ offices, clinics, hospitals, and even dental offices.
Medical Specialties Graduate Programs offer a wide variety of learning opportunities for those who have an affinity for studying medicine, a desire to deliver quality health care services or an interest in coaching others to help them reach their wellness goals. Whether you are interested in a Premed program or in potentially practicing alternative medicine, there are a number of health professions that require either a Masters or Doctorate degree as entry-level education.
A medical diagnostic degree can prepare a student for a variety of fascinating career paths. Medical diagnostic graduate programs teach you the tools and processes involved with observing a patient’s symptoms or signs to determine a disease or condition. A medical diagnostic degree might focus on lab skills, anesthesia, surgery or nursing, or regulatory and business issues. Graduates with a medical diagnostic degree may find work in a lab, in the pharmaceutical industry, or in many other industries related to medicine.
Exercise science and nutrition graduate programs explore the many ways diet and exercise impact health. A few different areas of study within each field may be available. For example, in nutrition graduate programs you could examine nutrition in a clinical context or discuss nutrition education strategies. You might also study the management of large scale nutrition programs or focus on food-related research and engineering.
Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, facilitation of healing, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, groups, communities, and populations.
Pharmacology graduate programs are designed to train students for careers in the healthcare and pharmacology industry. Graduate programs in pharmacology prepare students work in pharmacies, drug development and testing, hospitals, and development, testing, management, and marketing in pharmaceutical companies. With field experience and a degree, there also may be possibilities to teach in universities.
Physical and Occupational Therapy Degrees provide courses of study at the masters, doctorate and certificate levels for those with a passion for human performance and desire to help people with injuries or illnesses. Students generally will want to focus on a specific field of study, both to learn about their technical field, and to define their skillsets. Some of the physical therapy and occupational therapy graduate programs you might choose include degrees in athletic training, occupational therapy, physical therapy and kinesiology.
Radiology graduate schools provide specialized training in obtaining and interpreting medical images and delivering treatments for diseases by means of radiation. A radiologist degree might prepare you to work with some of the most technologically advanced equipment in the medical field while teaching you the fundamentals of radiology, safety, and patient care. Radiology graduate programs might teach you basic medical terminology and practices along with core curriculum in radiologic sciences. Clinical training might also be provided through laboratory simulations or radiology externships where students work with patients under the supervision of doctors, nurses and experienced radiologic technologists.
Public Health Graduate Programs encompass disciplines such as epidemiology, biostatistics, health services, health services administration, health education, behavioral science and environmental health. Essentially, a public health grad school may teach about anything concerned with preventing disease and improving the health of the community. As this is such a vast field, there are many different types programs to allow students to align their studies with a specific interest or goal.